doritos

Home Remedies for Sore Throat

So you’re feeling the pain, huh? Don’t worry, everyone gets a sore throat now and then and I’m here to share some home remedies for sore throat that will make you feel better just as quickly and efficiently as lidocaine spray without all of the big pharma toxins.

5 Natural sore throat cures that you’re going to wish you’d known sooner

Let’s talk about the five best ways to cure a sore throat without turning to toxic chemicals or knocking yourself out.

1)    Echinacea: This wonderful herb comes in tea and supplement form and has been proven to work with the same efficiency and quickness as the over the counter alternatives. You can buy it just about anywhere, and you can read more about it over here.

2)    Sea Salt Water: Many of us have heard the old wives tale of gargling salt water to improve a sore throat. I don’t know about you, but I always discredited it until recently when I read a study that confirms it – Gargling salt water can soothe your throat.

3)    Turmeric Tea: Turmeric is a natural healer for a lot of ailments, but one thing it does well is cure a sore throat. Why? It’s packed full of vitamins that help boost your immune system and cleanse your body. Want to learn to make it into a tea? Check out a recipe here.

4)    Apple Cider Vinegar: What’s great is that if you add this to a tea with a little bit of honey, you’ve got a soothing warm drink that is sure to knock out your sore throat in a pinch. (source)

5)    Steaming: This remedy is debatable and the studies on it are limited, but from personal experience, it helps. Either take a warm shower, sit in the bathroom with the steam in full effect, or do a “steam tent” over a bowl of hot water to feel the relief.

When you’re trying to cure a sore throat, remember to get lots of rest and water; as a side note – please don’t give any remedies involving honey to children under two years old as infants can have adverse reactions to honey.

Certain Antibiotics Linked To Serious Nerve Damage

Certain antibiotic drugs cause permanent nerve damage. Here is what you need to know about the risks and what you can due to help your body heal naturally.

Black Box Warning: May Cause Permanent Nerve Damage

A certain class of antibiotics have been issued a new black box warning because they cause serious nerve damage. Black box warnings are the most serious and often deadly side effects of drugs that are literally outlined in a black box on the package insert. Fluoroquinolones, such as CiproLevaquin, and Floxin were prescribed to over 23 million people in 2011 alone. They are commonly prescribed for respiratory and urinary tract infection. These are relatively simple conditions that have many natural and safe treatment alternatives. However, antibiotics are one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in America. Those hoping to find health from a pill are in for a very serious and very dangerous surprise.  These drugs cause peripheral neuropathy within a few days of starting the medication. The nerve damage may last for months or it may be permanent even when the drug is stopped. They do not cause this nerve damage in every person who takes them; however, you are playing Russian Roulette every time you take most prescription drugs. You may be the one who is permanently affected. Is it worth the risk simply for a possibly quicker recovery from an infection?

Peripheral Neuropathy Explained

Peripheral nerves are nerves that run from your spinal cord to every muscle and organ in your body. They are the lines of communication between your brain and the rest of your body. Neuropathy is a general term referring to nerve damage; nerves that no longer work properly.

While peripheral neuropathy is commonly diagnosed in the arms and legs because those areas are easier visualized, it also occurs in the nerves that control your organs. Pain and numbness are common early signs of peripheral neuropathy in the arms or legs. It then progresses as muscle problems such as weakness and loss of muscle control.

Ever wonder how something as simple as an antibiotic can cause death? One of the many ways is their effect on the autonomic nervous system – nerves controlling the organs that keep you alive. Peripheral neuropathy nerve damage affects these nerves as well. This causes problems with digestion, heart problems, breathing problems, and kidney and liver dysfunction. Ultimately, this can lead to death due to organ failure.

Other Side Effects of These Antibiotics

This particular class of antibiotics also carries another black box warning issued by the FDA in 2008. That warning was for sudden rupture of tendons, the tissue that connects your muscles to your bones. As if this two side effects are not enough, antibiotic drugs, like Cipro, have pages and pages of additional side effects from allergic skin reactions to deadly anaphylactic shock. Antibiotics also cause deafness in infants, children, and adults alike. Cipro causes sensitivity to sunlight that makes it difficult to be in direct sunlight. Of course, this reduces your body’s production of Vitamin D, further weakening your immune system, which allowed the infection to develop in the first place!  We could go on and on about the various, dangerous effects of antibiotic drugs. However, I think that we have already covered enough ways that they can kill you. See Drugs.com for more.

Healthy Alternatives to Antibiotics

If you have a bacterial infection, what can you do to heal without the potentially deadly side effects of antibiotic drug treatment?

  1. Wait it out.

While most infections are not pleasant, they usually pass with few problems and no permanent damage.

  • Side note: Your child’s pediatrician may have told you that certain infections may cause deafness in your infant child if not aggressively treated with antibiotics. The truth is that there is no research comparing the risks. There is, however, ample research documenting that aggressive antibiotic treatment does cause deafness in infants. The vast majority of cases of deafness associated with childhood illnesses are in those who were treated with high doses of antibiotics.
  1. Get some sunshine.

Vitamin D is a strong immune system supporter. Adequate vitamin D levels are essential for a healthy immune system. Your body’s only natural source of vitamin D is sunshine. If you are in an environment where this is not possible, it is easy and inexpensive to supplement your diet with vitamin D3.

  1. Eat more Antimicrobial foods.

Many foods are designed with the natural ability to kill off dangerous bacteria. These include Coconut products like coconut oil, coconut milk, and coconut butter; raw, unpasteurized honey; and vegetables such as garlic, onions, and cabbage.

  1. Eat fermented foods.

Raw, fermented foods, such as raw sauerkraut, raw pickles, and cultured vegetables contain probiotics that strengthen your body’s normal immune response.

  1. Consume antimicrobial herbs and spices.

Many herbs and spices have antibacterial properties. A few antibacterial heroes in this category are turmeric, ginger, and chili peppers.

  1. Exercise in short, quick bursts.

While an infection may cause you to feel tired and rundown, exercise – especially in short bursts – actually increases your energy levels and stimulates your immune system to speed natural healing.

  1. See your chiropractor.

Stress on your nerves weakens your immune response drastically and increases your risk of most infections from UTIs to the flu. Receiving chiropractic adjustments regularly – especially when you are sick – removes this nerve stress and dramatically increases your rate of healing.

The best thing about these natural alternatives to antibiotics is that none of them will kill you and they will actually make you healthier!  Including all of these as part of a wellness lifestyle creates a strong, disease-proof body that has no need for antibiotic drugs.

 

10 Nutritional Deficiencies That Cause Depression and Mood Disorders

Depression and mood disorders  are devastating health problems today.  When you go to your doctor, their answer is often a prescription for one of the various popular anti-depressant  drugs.  Many doctors do not investigate for metabolic or nutritional deficiencies that may be the ‘real problem’ for your depression. Patients have no idea why they feel so awful or where to start looking for the answer. They expect their doctor to give them real solutions. Instead they get drugs as the easy fix. Drugs are not an easy fix because of the serious side effects that come with taking them. Doctors prescribe these drugs from information they get from the drug sales rep which often is only part-truth. The side effects and dangers of these drugs are down-played or left out altogether. Prescription drugs should only be prescribed after other medical problems have been ruled out.

Learn About  10  Nutrient Deficiencies That Cause Depression and Mood Disorder Symptoms:

If you suffer from depression or mood disorders you may be deficient in one of the nutrients below.  Researchers have found that many people who suffer from depression and mood disorders are deficient in not just one nutrient but several, all contributing to the symptoms.

#1:  Healthy Food Deficiency? Junk Food Diet  Is your diet filled with sugar, junk foods, sodas, or processed foods?   Do you often skip meals.  If you suffer from depression or mood disorders, start a food diary of the foods you eat every day.  You will find answers to your health problems while doing that. Your shopping cart and refrigerator tell the story of your health. My husband works as a cashier at Walmart.  People shopping for their family fill their cart with  junk sugar filled cereal, chips, candy, soda, , TV dinners, and over-processed food in general.  Seven-Elevens thrive on selling candy, soda, and chips to the eat-on-the-run customers. There are very few fresh vegetables or fruit on the average American’s grocery list.  This is why so many Americans are obese, depressed, and suffering from diabetes.  If your life is not going well, eating junk food is not going to improve your outlook.

#2:  Omega-3 Fatty Acids Deficiency:  These are found in foods such as fish and Flax Seed Oil.  A deficiency of Omega-3 fatty acids  or an  imbalance between Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids may be  one of the contributing factors to your depression.   Omega 3 Fatty acids are important to brain function and your mental outlook on life.  They also help people who suffer from inflammation and pain problems. Researchers have found that many patients with depression and mood disorders are deficient in Omega 3 Fatty Acids.  It is important to buy fish oil that has been cold processed and tested for heavy metals and other contamination. It should state that on the label.

#3:  Vitamin D Deficiency:   Important to immune function, bones, and brain health. Sunlight is the richest source for natural Vitamin D.  The Journal Clinical Nutrition in Jan 21st, 2013 published the result of research that analyzed over 18000 British citizens for Vitamin D deficiencies and associated mental disorders links. They found that a deficiency of Vitamin D was present in patients with depression and panic disorders.  The study results stated that people who are deficient in Vitamin D are at higher risk for developing depression later in life. Most seniors are deficient in Vitamin D.  Often people working long hours in offices are deficient as well.  Get out in the sun. Take a walk during your lunch break or walk your dog. Play a game with your kids outside away from computers and the television.  Get out of the house and into the sunshine.  Just don’t overdo it if you are sensitive to the sun. Overdoing it is not good either.

#4: B-Vitamins Deficiency:   There is much research in Neuropsychiatry that proves the link between B-Vitamin deficiencies and mood disorders including depression. Buy gel capsules instead of tablets with at least 25 mg for each of the different B- Vitamins included in the formulation.

#5: Zinc , Folate, Chromium, and Iron  Deficiencies:  Patients with depression are often found deficient in many nutrients including these. Often today’s foods are sadly lacking in  minerals and trace minerals.

#6:  Iodine Deficiency:  Iodine is necessary for the thyroid to work properly. The thyroid, part of the endocrine system, is one of the most important glands in your body. The thyroid gland affects every function of the body including body temperature, immune function, and brain function.  Iodine is found in foods such as potatoes, cranberries, Kelp, Arame, Hiziki, Kombu, and Wakame.  This problem was once solved by using Iodine enriched salt. Today iodine deficiency is again becoming a problem with salt free diets. Salty chips, processed foods, and junk food do not contain iodized salt.

#7: Amino Acids Deficiency: There are 9 necessary amino acids that cannot be manufactured in your body. You must supply them to the body by eating quality food choices.

Amino acids are found in meat, eggs, fish, high quality beans, seeds and nuts.   You need  to eat a variety of different foods to furnish the body with  all the amino acids needed to be healthy. Not all foods contain all nine amino acids. Vegetable food sources for amino acids include Moringa Oleifera leaves. Your brain uses the amino acids found in the food you eat to manufacture neurotransmitters needed for optimal brain function.

What are neurotransmitters and what do they have to do with depression?  Healthy brain function needs the proper balance of neurotransmitters.  Some neurotransmitters calm the brain and others excite the brain. Their balance in the brain creates stability of emotions and thinking.  Often depression and other mental disorders are caused by imbalances in neurotransmitters. Dopamine, noradrenaline, and GABA are three important neurotransmitters often deficient in depression.  Orthomolecular physicians have found that treatment with amino acids including tryptophan, tyrosine, phenylalanine, and methionine can correct different mood disorders like depression.  The Orthomolecular doctor first takes urine and blood samples to test your amino acid levels.  Then if he finds imbalances, you will be given amino acid supplements in the optimal dosage to correct the problem.  Orthomolecular doctors treat the base cause for the depression or mental symptoms.  If it is a nutritional imbalance such as a Omega 3 deficiency, you will be prescribed that supplement.  Instead of treating with drugs, they treat the deficiencies that cause the mental symptoms with vitamins, minerals, and amino acids.

There are tests that prove nutrient deficiencies.  The problem is often your standard medicine doctor will not give clearance for the tests, nor will your insurance pay for them. Most doctors are not schooled in nutrition and diet. They have no time to go over your eating and lifestyle habits.  Saying that, a few companies and health providers exist who do have preventive health programs. The reality is a majority of people do not get quality preventive healthcare, especially those on Medicaid or Medical. You need to visit a holistic doctor who knows his nutrition. More than likely you will have to pay out-of-pocket for the tests. You can go through Life Extension Institute. After becoming a member, you can receive the tests through the mail. You take the kit to a lab to get your blood drawn. You then send the kit back by mail and receive the results by mail. They do not give you interpretation for the tests nor how to correct the problems found by testing. You can at least find out what vitamins and minerals you are deficient in. Drug-focused therapy is the main reason that so many people never get diagnosed properly.  Insurance plans will pay for drugs but not nutritional supplements.  That is the sad state of our health care system here.  You must take control of your health and find a doctor whose goal is holistic and preventative medicine.

WHAT’S IN DORITOS (part 1)

Doritos Pt.1

 

 

(1.) Corn 

(95-98% chance it’s a GMO)

The majority of genetically engineered plants – corn, canola, soybean, and cotton – are typically used to make ingredients that are then used in other food products. Such ingredients include cornstarch in soups and sauces, corn syrup as a general purpose sweetener, and cottonseed oil, canola oil, and soybean oil in mayonnaise, salad dressings, cereals, breads, and snack foods.

“Most GE crops are used as sources of food ingredients and as sources of animal feed,” says Dennis Keefe, Ph.D., director of FDA’s Office of Food Additive Safety

FDA encourages developers of GE plants to consult with the agency before marketing their products. Although the consultation is voluntary

Based on USDA survey data, HT (Herbicide-tolerant (HT) crops soybeans went from 17 percent of U.S. soybean acreage in 1997 to 68 percent in 2001 and 93 percent in 2013. The adoption of HT corn, which had been slower in previous years, has accelerated, reaching 85 percent of U.S. corn acreage in 2013.

Insect-resistant crops containing the gene from the soil bacterium Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) have been available for corn and cotton since 1996. These bacteria produce a protein that is toxic to specific insects, protecting the plant over its entire life. Plantings of Bt corn grew from about 8 percent of U.S. corn acreage in 1997 to 26 percent in 1999, then fell to 19 percent in 2000 and 2001, before climbing to 29 percent in 2003 and 76 percent in 2013. The increases in acreage share in recent years may be largely due to the commercial introduction of new Bt corn varieties resistant to the corn rootworm and the corn earworm

  • Organic corn has 14 ppm of manganese. GMO corn has only 2 ppm.
    Real corn has 7 times more manganese
    • Organic corn has 6130 ppm of calcium. GMO is stripped down to 14 ppm.
    Real corn has 437 times more calcium
    • Organic corn has 113 ppm of magnesium. GMO corn is vacant, with only 2 ppm.
    • Real corn has 56 times more magnesium

Led by Gilles-Eric Seralini of the University of Caen, was the first ever study to examine the long-term (lifetime) effects of eating GMOs.

Up to 50% of males and 70% of females suffered premature death. Rats that drank trace amounts of Roundup (at levels legally allowed in the water supply) had a 200% to 300% increase in large tumors.Rats fed GMO corn and traces of Roundup suffered severe organ damage including liver damage and kidney damage. The study fed these rats NK603, the Monsanto variety of GMO corn that’s grown across North America and widely fed to animals and humans. This is the same corn that’s in your corn-based breakfast cereal, corn tortillas and corn snack chips.

GMO corn was also found to contain 13 ppm of glyphosate, compared to zero in non-GMO corn. This is quite significant and well worth remembering.

The Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) “safe” level for glyphosate in American water supplies is0.7 ppm. In Europe, the maximum allowable level in water is 0.2 ppm. Organ damage in animals has occurred at levels as low as 0.1 ppm… At 13 ppm, GMO corn contains more than 18 times the “safe” level of glyphosate set by the EPA.

Types of genetically modified corn, soybeans, cotton and other products

(2.) Vegetable Oil

Soybeans comprise about 90 percent of U.S. oilseed production while 93 percent of soybeans are genetically modified

Vegetable oils come from oil-bearing seeds such as olive, soybeans, corn, peanuts, cotton seed and palm nuts. Vegetable oils contain 100 percent fat, and they usually remain liquid even at fairly low temperatures

Vegetable oils, particularly flaxseed oil, nut oil and canola oil, contain omega-3 fatty acids, an essential fatty acid that cannot be synthesized within the body. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, omega-3 plays an important role in the preservation of healthy heart and brain function and the normal growth and development of the body.

Adequate intake of the essential fatty acids results in numerous health benefits. Prevention of atherosclerosis, reduced incidence of heart disease and stroke, and relief from the symptoms associated with ulcerative colitis, menstrual pain, and joint pain have also been documented.

Some fats, like vegetable oil, are high in omega-6 fatty acids

Omega-6 fatty acid aids in reducing the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, allergies and high blood pressure. It eases the symptoms of menopause, in particular breast pain or tenderness. It is also good for the sufferers of multiple sclerosis, and it also helps those diagnosed with ADHD. Add eczema, menstrual pain and breast cancer to the list of illnesses and diseases that omega-6 is helpful for preventing or treating. A good diet will provide all the omega-6 fatty acids that your body needs

“Omega 6 fatty acids benefit the cardiovascular system, integumentary system, cell structure, brain and eye health and musculoskeletal system and offer protection to the gastrointestinal tract. Oils injure the endothelium, the innermost lining of the artery, and that injury is the gateway to vascular disease. The reality is that oils are extremely low in terms of nutritive value. They contain no fiber, no minerals and are 100% fat calories.” Caldwell B. Esselstyn, Jr., MD

This was a randomized controlled trial conducted from 1966 to 1973. Researchers from the US and Australia recovered the original data, and using modern statistical methods, they were now able to compare the death rates from cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, as well as all-cause mortality.

  • “Their analysis involved 458 men aged 30-59 years who had recently had a coronary event, such as a heart attack or an episode of angina. Participants were randomly divided into two groups,” BMJ writes.
  • “The intervention group was instructed to reduce saturated fats (from animal fats, common margarines and shortenings) to less than 10 percent of energy intake and to increase linoleic acid (from safflower oil and safflower oil polyunsaturated margarine) to 15 percent of energy intake. Safflower oil is a concentrated source of omega-6 linoleic acid and provides no omega-3 PUFAs.”

The control group received no particular dietary advice and was allowed to eat whatever they wanted. Both groups kept food diaries for an average of 39 months. The results showed that:

  • The omega-6 linoleic acid group had a 17 percenthigher risk of dying from heart disease during the study period, compared with 11 percent among the control group (who did not receive any particular dietary advice)
  • The omega-6 group also had a higher risk of all-cause mortality

Balance is key with fatty acids. Natural sources such as cold pressed oils, avocados. nuts, etc. are best, not processed refined and chemically altered.

(3.) Maltodextrin

(More than likely made from GM corn)

Maltodextrin is a nonsweet nutritive saccharide polymer. It is prepared as a white powder or concentrated solution by partial hydrolysis of corn starch, potato starch, or rice starch with safe and suitable acids and enzymes. Basically it’s a processed food FROM a processed food.

Applications include use as a carrier for synthetic sweeteners, as a flavor enhancer, as an additive for coloring agents, as a spray drying adjunct for coffee extracts or tea extracts, as a bulking, bodying or dispersing agent in synthetic creams or coffee whiteners, as a moisture holding agent in breads, pastries, meats and as a bodying and smoothing agent in puddings, soups and frozen desserts. And as a cheap filler for food products.

Production

Liquefying non-waxy corn starch in the presence of an alpha amylase by heating at a temperature within the range of from about 104

  • (1) at a temperature above about 93 presence of alpha-amylase so as to dextrinize the hydrolyzate to a D.E. level within the range of from about 10-13
  • (2) terminating the reaction
  • (3) by the addition of sufficient mineral acid to lower the pH of the dextrinized hydrolyzate to a level at which residual alpha-amylase is inactivated within the period of from about thirty to about sixty minutes while maintaining the hydrolyzate temperature at least above about 93 maintaining the hydrolyzate at a temperature of at least above about 76 refined hydrolyzate of
  • (4) so as to produce a dry free-flowing starch hydrolyzate.

Hydrochloric Acid is also used in the production of Maltodextrin

Maltodextrin is not a complex carbohydrate and, therefore, does not provide the long-term energy benefits of a true complex carbohydrate. Natural complex carbohydrates contain vitamins and minerals that help your body use the carbohydrate as energy. Maltodextrin, however, does not contain vitamin and mineral nutrients. Since Maltodextrin is a very large molecule, your body will use its own supply of vitamins and minerals to assimilate the Maltodextrin. This can potentially deplete your body of these very important vitamin and mineral nutrients.

Functional fibers are non-digestible carbohydrates that are isolated from foods. They are not the same as dietary fiber consumed in foods like vegetables, grains and legumes. On a food label they appear as Maltodextrin, polydextrose, and cellulose. Cellulose is a functional fiber that comes from oat hull fiber, wheat fiber, pea fiber, soy fiber and cottonseed fiber.

The fiber is most likely safe, although there are no studies confirming this. However, these are not the same as fiber consumed in foods. This is important, since the studies showing the benefits of fiber for a range of conditions from lowering cholesterol to regulating blood sugar, all involved the consumption of foods with high fiber content. There is no scientific evidence or reason to believe that functional fibers will confer the same benefit to consumers as consuming high-fiber, natural foods.

Side effects include allergic reactions, unexplained weight gain, bloating and flatulence. Specific allergic reactions associated with the use of Maltodextrin include rash, asthma, itching and difficulty breathing

(4.) Natural, Artificial Flavors and MSG

(Fake, fake and fake flavorings, these are all one in the same. There is not a single thing “natural” about natural flavors.

Also known as:

·         Glutamic acid

·         Glutamate

·         Monosodium glutamate

·         Monopotassium glutamate

·         Calcium glutamate

·         Monoammonium glutamate

·         Magnesium glutamate

·         Natrium glutamate

·         Yeast extract

·         Anything “hydrolyzed”

·         Any “hydrolyzed protein”

·         Calcium caseinate

·         Sodium caseinate

·         Yeast food, Yeast nutrient

·         Autolyzed yeast

·         Gelatin

·         Textured protein

·         Soy protein,

·         Soy protein concentrate

·         Soy protein isolate

·         Whey protein

·         Whey protein concentrate

·         Whey protein isolate

·         Anything “…protein”

·         Vetsin

·         Ajinomoto

·         Names of ingredients that often contain or produce processed free glutamic acid:

·         Carrageenan

·         Bouillon and broth

·         Stock

·         Any “flavors” or “flavoring”

·         Maltodextrin

·         Citric acid, Citrate

·         Anything “ultra-pasteurized”

·         Barley malt

·         Pectin

·         Protease

·         Anything “enzyme modified”

·         Anything containing “enzymes”

·         Malt extract

·         Soy sauce

·         Soy sauce extract

·         Anything “protein fortified”

·         Anything “fermented”

·         Seasonings

After a single dose of MSG, Doctors discovered that specialized cells in a critical area of the animal’s brain, the hypothalamus, had been destroyed. Millions of babies all over the world were eating baby foods containing large amounts of MSG and hydroloyzed vegetable protein (a compound which contains three excitotoxins).

(Excitotoxin)

  • Protein class of substances that damage neurons through paroxysmal overactivity. They are toxins that bind to certain receptors (e.g., certainglutamate receptors) and may cause neuronal cell death.-
  • Samuels (1999) reported that MSG is a neurotoxic agent i.e. causing damage to brain cells, retinal degeneration, leading to many endocrine disorders and causes renal damage.
  • The best known excitotoxins are the excitatory amino acids that can produce lesions in the CNS (Central Nervous System) similar to those of Huntingdon’s chorea or alzheimers disease.

Excitotoxicity is thought to contribute to neuronal cell death associated with stroke.

Rats given free access to MSG and water showed a high preference (93-97%) for the MSG solution, regardless of the diet they consumed

Rats treated with MSG showed morphological and morphometric changes as decrease in testicular weight, decrease in tubular diameter, reduction in germinal epithelium height, decrease in the spermatic count and abnormalities of sperms morphology.

Many studies reported the implication of (MSG) in cases of male infertility as it causes testicular hemorrhage, degeneration and alteration of sperm cell population and morphology

(Processing of MSG)

  • MSG is processed with methylthiopropionaldehyde and sodium hydroxidewhich both are higly corrosive and toxic.
  • “After the concentration of DAP had reached a maximum in the presence of the first mutant, the first mutant was removed and another coli strain was added.”
  • “The crude, crystalline glutamic acid is first suspended in water and then dissolved, neutralized and converted to the monosodium salt by the addition ofsodium hydroxide.”
  • “The acidic filtrate was then adjusted by addition of sodium hydroxide or ammonia”

These products are carbon oxides, nitrogen oxides and some metallic oxides. Burning may produce carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide or nitrogen oxides.

WHMIS (Canada): CLASS D-2A: Material causing other toxic effects (VERY TOXIC).

WHAT’S IN DORITOS (part 2)

Doritos Pt. 2

(5.) Red #40

Dyes are complex organic chemicals that were originally derived from coal tar, but now from petroleum.

Red 40 is the FDA-approved version of Allura Red, which was first produced by Allied Chemical Corp. It is approved for use in beverages, bakery goods, dessert powders, candies, cereals, foods, drugs, and cosmetics and, in terms of pounds consumed, is by far the most-used dye

Red 40, Yellow 5, and Yellow 6 contain Benzidene, a human and animal carcinogen permitted in low, presumably safe levels in dyes. The FDA does not test for bound Benzidine when it certifies the purity of dyes.

Red 40 proved positive as an allergin. Possible carcinogen contaminant include p-Cresidine. There is evidence, albeit controversial and inconclusive, that Red 40, the most widely used dye, accelerates the appearance of tumors of the reticuloendothelial system in mice. No tumors were found in the only good study (per the FDA)

It also may accelerate the appearance of immune-system tumors in mice. The dye causes hypersensitivity (allergy-like) reactions in a small number of consumers and might trigger hyperactivity in children.

Red 40 was negative in the majority of genotoxicity assays performed, but positive in the in vivo comet assay in the glandular stomach, lungs, and colon of mice (Sasaki, Kawaguchi et al. 2002). That indicates that Red 40 can cause DNA damage in vivo

52 patients suffering from urticaria and angioedema for more than 4 weeks were placed on a 3-week elimination diet. Red 40 administered orally in doses of 1 or 10 mg induced a hypersensitivity reaction in 15% of the patients who were generally symptom-free at the time of provocation (Mikkelsen, Larsonet al. 1978).

Dr. M. Adrian Gross, a senior FDA pathologist, concluded that there was clear evidence to support an acceleration effect of RE tumors because there was a decreased latency period without a corresponding increase in overall tumor incidence

“Considering the safety questions and its non-essentiality, Red 40 should be excluded from foods unless and until new tests clearly demonstrate its safety.”

Genotoxicity studies

  • Comet Assay; DNA damage; 10 mg/kg in colon; 100 mg/kg in glandular stomach; 1,000 mg/kg in lungs Positive (Sasaki, Kawaguchi et al. 2002)
  • Comet Assay; DNA damage; 2,000 mg/kg to pregnant mice; 10 mg/kg in male mice; Positive in colon (Sasaki, Kawaguchi et al. 2002)

Emergency Overview: CAUTION – Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.

Potential Health Effects:

  • Eyes: May cause irritation.
  • Skin: May cause irritation to skin.
  • Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal discomfort.
  • Inhalation: May cause irritation to respiratory tract.

Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Avoid Dusting. May become explosive when dispersed in air.

Precautions to Take in Handling or Storing: Do not ingest or take internally.

Consult an expert on disposal of recovered material and ensure conformity to local, state, and federal disposal regulations

These products are carbon oxides, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides

Do not ingest. Do not breathe dust. If ingested, seek medical advice immediately and show the container or the label.

Personal protective equipment:

  • Protective Gloves: Natural rubber, Neoprene, PVC or equivalent.
  • Eye Protection: Splash proof chemical safety goggles should be worn.
  • Other Protective Clothing or Equipment: Lab coat, apron, eye wash, safety shower.

EINECS: This product is on the European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances

(6.) Yellow #5 & #6

Used in numerous bakery goods, beverages, dessert powders, candies, cereals, gelatin desserts, pet food, and many other foods, as well as pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics.

After Red 40, it is the most widely used dye.

The color additive is manufactured with Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Nitrite or Sulfuric Acid and sodium nitrite. Also contains Mercury, Arsenic and Lead.

Yellow 5 may be contaminated with several carcinogens, including Benzidine and 4-aminobiphenyl. Caused genotoxic effects in six out of 11 studies More importantly, FDA tests in the early 1990s found that some batches of dye contained as much as 83 ppb of free and bound Benzidine. The FDA does not test for bound Benzidine when it certifies the purity of dyes

Because of those toxicological considerations, including carcinogenicity, hypersensitivity reactions, and behavioral effects, food dyes cannot be considered safe

In addition to considerations of organ damage, cancer, birth defects, and allergic reactions, mixtures of dyes (and Yellow 5 tested alone) cause hyperactivity and other behavioral problems in some children. Because of that concern, the British government advised companies to stop using most food dyes by the end of 2009,  Posing some risks, while serving no nutritional or safety purpose, Yellow 5 should not be allowed in foods.

A 50-mg dose of Tartrazine led to increased or accelerated urinary excretion of zinc in hyperactive children

The only mouse study was too brief, used too few mice, and began with six week old mice. (Per the FDA)

Sasaki et al. subsequently demonstrated that Yellow 5 does induce DNA damage in vivo in the comet assay (Sasaki, Kawaguchi et al. 2002).

The earliest chronic feeding study reported that Yellow 5 was not carcinogenic or toxic in a 2-year study using rats. The rats were fed 0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 5% Yellow 5. However, that study used only 12 rats of each sex per dosage group (Davis, Fitzhugh et al. 1964).

The FDA recommends a minimum of 20 rodents/ sex/group for chronic toxicity studies, though many experts consider that far too small a number (FDA 2000). Also, the rats were not exposed in utero.

Neuman reported mthat 26% of patients with a variety of allergic disorders had a positive allergic reaction 10-15 minutes after ingesting 50 mg of the dye. Those reactions included heat-wave, general weakness, blurred vision, increased nasopharyngeal secretions, a feeling of suffocation, palpitations, pruritus (severe itching), angioedema (swelling or welts below the skin), and urticaria (Neuman, Elian et al. 1978).

An association between aspirin-intolerance and Tartrazine-sensitivity has been demonstrated in several studies. Stenius and Lemola separately administered aspirin and Yellow 5 to 96 patients and found that about half of the patients with positive reactions to aspirin also had positive reactions to Yellow 5, and about three-fifths of the positive Yellow 5 cases also had positive aspirin reactions (Stenius and Lemola 1976).

Genotoxicity studies

  • Comet Assay; DNA damage; 10 mg/kg; Positive (colon) Positive (glandular stomach) (Sasaki, Kawaguchi et al. 2002)
  • Cytogenetics Assay; Chromosomal aberrations; Positive (Hayashi, Matsui et al. 2000)
  • Typhimurium TA1535, TA100, TA92; Base pair; 2.5 mg/ml; Positive
  • Chromosomal aberration test, CHL cells; Chromosomal aberrations; 6 mg/ml; Positive (Ishidate, Sofuni et al. 1984)
  • In vitro Muntiacus muntjac; Chromosomal aberrations; 3 μg/ml; Positive (Patterson and Butler 1982)

A 42-year-old woman gradually developed chronic nasal blockage, loss of her senses of taste and smell, and asthma. She was eventually hospitalized— sometimes for weeks—three times for her asthma, which developed into a tight, unproductive cough and severe wheezing. Several years later she developed severe angioedema after taking two aspirin tablets. She also developed the same attacks from Tylenol and several other drugs, including antibiotics. She was cleared of all drugs, but her symptoms returned after she received Premarin, a menopausal drug that contained Yellow 5. The patient was finally diagnosed with an allergy to Yellow 5 and several other food additives. Her severe attacks were relieved when she stopped consuming all synthetic dyes, sodium benzoate, and drugs containing dyes (Chafee and Settipane 1967).

A 15-year-old pregnant girl went into anaphylactic shock after she was given an enema that contained Yellow 5 and Yellow 6. Approximately 5 minutes after administration of the enema the patient became dizzy, sweaty, and hypotensive; she collapsed and was unconscious. Her blood pressure became unrecordable and her carotid pulses were “weak.” Her skin became red all over.  After she regained consciousness, she was nauseous, had dull perception, and eventually developed hives, chest tightness, and shortness of breath (Trautlein and Mann 1978). Subsequent tests indicated that she was sensitive to both Yellow 5 and Yellow 6.

A 38-year-old man experienced relapsing angioneurotic (subcutaneous) edema, giant urticaria, and a relapsing vascular purpura (purple spots). After provocation with Yellow 5, the test area became purpuric and there was purpura, swelling of the legs, and angioneurotic edema of the face (Michaelsson, Pettersson et al. 1974).

A 32-year-old woman experienced recurring purpuric lesions on her lower legs. The lesions sometimes became more intense with ulcerations, pain, and swelling of the legs. She had occasional superficial thrombophlebitis (swelling of a vein caused by a blood clot). She experienced those symptoms 4-8 times a year, and they lasted about 2-3 weeks. Provocation with Yellow 5 induced purpura in the treated area (Michaelsson, Pettersson et al. 1974).

Protective Equipment: Gloves. Lab coat. Dust respirator. Be sure to use an approved/certified respirator or equivalent. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Splash goggles.

The products of degradation are more toxic.

These products are carbon oxides (CO, CO2), nitrogen oxides (NO, NO2…), sulfur oxides (SO2, SO3…). Some metallic oxides.

Other Toxic Effects on Humans:

Very hazardous in case of inhalation. Hazardous in case of ingestion.

WHMIS (Canada): CLASS D-2B: Material causing other toxic effects (TOXIC).

(7.) Sugar

Sucrose elevates uric acid, which decreases nitric oxide, raises angiotensin, and causes your smooth muscle cells to contract, thereby raising your blood pressure and potentially damaging your kidneys.

Leads to insulin resistance, which is not only an underlying factor of type 2 diabetes and heart disease, but also many cancers.

Tricks your body into gaining weight by fooling your metabolism, as it turns off your body’s appetite-control system. Fructose does not appropriately stimulate insulin, which in turn does not suppress ghrelin (the “hunger hormone”) and doesn’t stimulate leptin (the “satiety hormone”), which together result in your eating more and developing insulin resistance.

Sucrose rapidly leads to weight gain and abdominal obesity (“beer belly”), decreased HDL, increased LDL, elevated triglycerides, elevated blood sugar, and high blood pressure—i.e., classic metabolic syndrome

The cells of many human cancers come to depend on insulin to provide the fuel (blood sugar) and materials they need to grow and multiply. Insulin and insulin-like growth factor (and related growth factors) also provide the signal, in effect, to do it.

The more insulin, the better they do.

Some cancers develop mutations that serve the purpose of increasing the influence of insulin on the cell; others take advantage of the elevated insulin levels that are common to metabolic syndrome, obesity and type 2 diabetes Some do both.

Many pre-cancerous cells would never acquire the mutations that turn them into malignant tumors if they weren’t being driven by insulin to take up more and more blood sugar and metabolize it.”

Liquid medicines, particularly those intended for children, often formulated as syrups, usually based on sucrose. Total sugar content may be up to 80% (w/v). Complicated diabetes management. Increased dental caries especially in chronically sick children (eg, asthmatics or epileptics) who frequently take liquid medicine.

Sucrose is reported to be capable of producing dermatoses in bakers, candy makers, and related occupations. It is well established that uncontrolled glucose conc in maternal blood are associated with elevated embryonic and fetal death and increased neonatal morbidity and mortality.

Sucrose was not carcinogenic, but showed tumor promoting activity in female Swiss albino mice

Sucrose produced skeletal changes in a guinea pig fetus after feeding the mother 5 to 10 g sucrose/kg body weight in the latter half of pregnancy.

A high resorption rate and an increased number of malformed offspring were seen in rats fed a diet composed of 72% sucrose, 18% casein, and 5% butter plus vitamins and a salt mixture.

Refined granulated sugar processing

The next step is decolorization, which removes soluble impurities by adsorption. The two most common adsorbents are granular activated carbon and bone char, manufactured from degreased cattle bones.

Chemicals used for processing

  • Isopropyl AlcoholA clear, colorless, flammable, mobile liquid, (CH3)2CHOH, used in antifreeze compounds, in lotions and cosmetics, and as a solvent for gums, shellac, and essential oils.
  • Phosphoric AcidA clear colorless liquid, H3PO4, used in fertilizers, detergents, food flavoring, and pharmaceuticals.
  • Acrylic AcidAn easily polymerized, colorless, corrosive liquid, H2C:CHCOOH, used as a monomer for acrylate resins.

(8.) Disodium Inosinate and Disodium Guanylate

The food additive disodium inosinate may be safely used in food.

Disodium guanylate may be safely used as a flavor enhancer in foods.

Both are produced by the enzymatic breakdown of yeast.

The food additive is the disodium salt of inosinic acid, manufactured and purified so as to contain no more than 150 parts per million of soluble barium

Inosinic acid is a nucleotide present in muscle and other tissues. It is formed by the deamination of AMP and when hydrolysed produces inosine. Inosinic acid is the ribonucleotide of hypoxanthine and is the first compound formed during the synthesis of purine.

(In addition, disodium inosinate and disodium guanylate — expensive flavor potentiaters that work synergistically with processed free glutamic acid (MSG) — and are only cost effective when used with processed free glutamic acid (MSG))

True synergism requires that the perceived intensity of a mixture be greater than that predicted by both types of additivity. Subjects used magnitude estimation to judge the perceived intensity of unmixed monosodium glutamate and disodium guanylate and mixtures of these two taste substances. The mixtures showed synergism according to both crtieria. The robustness of this phenomenon is striking; for all subjects the taste mixtures showed true synergism. True synergism in taste is an extremely rare phenomenon.

(Basically what this says is these chemical combinations have a magical affect on the brain to make you THINK it tastes good.)